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Ludwig Guttmann Sir Who is the pioneer of the Paralympic

Ludwig Guttmann Sir  Who is the pioneer of the Paralympic


Google doodles its tribute to Paralympic Movement founder Sir … Sat, 03 Jul 2021 01:00:00 +0100-After fleeing Nazi persecution, Guttmann arrived in England in 1939 as a refugee and advanced his research in paraplegia.

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Who is Ludwig Guttmann, pioneer of the Paralympics?

July 03, 2021

The German-born British neurologist, Sir Ludwig Guttmann, founder of the Paralympic movement, has been celebrated in a Google’s Doodle celebrates on what would have been his 122nd birthday on 3 July.

After fleeing Nazi persecution, Guttmann arrived in England in 1939 as a refugee and advanced his research in paraplegia.

As one of the founding fathers of physical activities for people with disabilities, Guttmann pioneered the Stoke Mandeville Games, which later evolved into the Paralympic Games.

In 1943, the UK government appointed him as the National Spinal Injuries Center director at Stoke Mandeville Hospital. In 1948, Guttmann organised a 16-person archery contest, one of the first official competitive sporting events for wheelchair users. His passion for patient care never faltered and he also founded the International Medical Society of Paraplegia.

Guttmann received numerous accolades for his contributions, and was knighted by the Queen in 1966.

Born in Tost, Germany, what is now Toszek, Poland, Guttmann believed that sport was an essential method of therapy for the rehabilitation of injured military personnel, helping them build up physical strength and self-respect.

Baltimore-based artist Ashanti Fortson wanted Saturday’s Google Doodle to reflect the amazing capabilities of human bodies.

“Living with a disability has many facets to it, but one of the most acute struggles of disability — no matter the form that disability takes — is the constant navigation, negotiation, and denial of equitable access,” Fortson said.

Fortson's work involved figuring out how to depict each of the letters in the form of a Paralympic athlete. Fortson said there was a tendency to see accomplished disabled people and label them “inspiring” through a non-disabled lens.

“While the intent is positive, that attitude ends up dehumanising us: it frames us as amazing ‘in spite of”’our disabilities, and it doesn't acknowledge the systemic barriers that prevent many disabled people from achieving their goals,” they said.

Guttmann died aged 80 on 18 March, 1980, having suffered a heart attack five months earlier.


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Sir Ludwig Guttmann: Who is the pioneer of the Paralympic … Sat, 03 Jul 2021 01:00:00 +0100-The founder of the Paralympic Movement, Professor Sir Ludwig Guttmann, has been honoured on what would have been his 122nd birthday by a Google …

The founder of the Paralympic Movement, Professor Sir Ludwig Guttmann, has been honoured on what would have been his 122nd birthday by a Google doodle.

The doodle, illustrated by Baltimore-based guest artist Ashanti Fortson, shows the elderly moustachioed figure against a background of wheelchair athletes competing in a range of sports.

Guttmann – born in Tost, Germany on this day (June 3) in 1899 – was a Jewish doctor who became one of the country’s top specialist surgeons for spinal cord injuries before fleeing to Britain in 1939 to escape Nazi persecution.

In 1944, at the request of the British Government, Guttmann opened a spinal injuries centre at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital, and in time, rehabilitation sport practised there evolved to recreational sport and then to competitive sport.

On July 29, 1948, the day of the Opening Ceremony of the London 1948 Olympic Games, Guttmann organised the first competition for wheelchair athletes, which he named the Stoke Mandeville Games.

This milestone in Paralympic history involved 16 injured servicemen and women who took part in archery.

The Stoke Mandeville Games later became the Paralympic Games, which first took place in Rome, Italy, in 1960 featuring 400 athletes from 23 countries.

Since then they have taken place every four years.

Guttmann, who died aged 80 in 1980, also founded the International Medical Society of Paraplegia (the International Spinal Cord Society) and, in 1961, the British Sports Association for the Disabled (Activity Alliance).

He received numerous accolades, the highest among which was being knighted by Her Majesty the Queen in 1966.

The Paralympic Games continues to be a driving force for promoting the rights and independence of people with disabilities.

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– July 3, 2021
Ludwig Guttmann Sir Who is the pioneer of the Paralympic

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