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Anne McLaren Why the groundbreaking British scientist39;s 94th


Anne McLaren Anne McLaren the … 94th scientist's British Why : groundbreaking

Mon, 26 Apr 2021 01:00:00 +0100

Dame Anne's most notable work was helping to establish human in vitro fertilisation (IVF) – an accomplishment that has allowed thousands of people to become 

Today’s Google Doodle is celebrating British biologist Dame Anne McLaren, on what would have been her 94th birthday.

Dame Anne’s most notable work was helping to establish human in vitro fertilisation (IVF) – an accomplishment that has allowed thousands of people around the world to live their dream of having a child.

In 1991, she became the first woman to ever hold office in The Royal Society – the world’s oldest scientific institution.

Dame Anne was the daughter of Sir Henry McLaren, 2nd Baron Aberconway and a Liberal MP, and Christabel MacNaghten.

She studied zoology at the University of Oxford, before going on to work with mice, to further understand the biology of mammalian development.

In 1958 she published a paper on her successful attempts to develop mouse embryos in vitro – showing it was possible to create healthy embryos outside of a womb.

The paper has been called “one of the most significant papers in the history of reproductive biology and medicine”.

Dame Anne spent the next 15 years working at the Institute of Animal Genetics, studying a variety of topics related to fertility, development and epigenetics.

It was not until the late 1970s that scientists starting using IVF with humans. The practice was initially very ethically controversial, and Dame Anne was appointed as the only research scientist on the Warnock Committee, a governmental body dedicated to the development of policies related to the advances in IVF technology and embryology.

Her expert council played an essential role in the enactment of the 1990 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act – the legislation which limits in-vitro culture of human embryos to 14-days post embryo creation.  

In 1991, Dame Anne was appointed foreign secretary of The Royal Society – becoming the first woman to ever hold office within the institution’s 330-year-old history and later became vice president of the institution.

She was made a dame for her contribution to science in 1993.

In 1994, the British Association for the Advancement of Science – an institution dedicated to the promotion of science to the general public now known as the British Science Association – elected her as its president.

Dame Anne died in 2007 at the age of 80, when she and her ex-husband Donald Michie were killed in a road accident.

Anne McLaren

Mon, 26 Apr 2021 01:00:00 +0100

British researcher proved in vitro fertilisation possible with groundbreaking work in 1950s

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British researcher proved in vitro fertilisation possible with groundbreaking work in 1950s

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Anne McLaren carried out groundbreaking research which paved the way for IVF

Today’s Google doodle is honouring the British scientist who helped pioneer IVF treatment, Anne McLaren.

One of the most respected and significant reproductive biologists of the 20th century, Dr McLaren helped develop the technology to grow embryos in vitro – that is, in lab equipment outside of a mammal’s womb.

Her research was built upon to carry out the first in vitro fertilisation (IVF) birth of a human baby in the UK in 1978.

Dr McLaren, who is 94 years old today, later sat on the influential Warnock Committee in the 1980s, whose work led to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act in 1990 – the UK’s watershed legislation which regulates research and technology around creating human embryos in the lab.

She began her career training as a zoologist at the University of Oxford, but it was at the Royal Veterinary College in London during the 1950s that her breakthrough research into IVF came about.

In 1958 she published a paper in the scientific journal Nature reporting how she and colleagues had for the first time successfully developed mice embryos in vitro, proving it could be possible to do the same for humans.

Human IVF has now become a major part of fertility treatment around the world and in 2018 it was estimated about eight million children had been born using the technology.

Later in her career she became the first woman to become vice-president of the Royal Society and in 1995 became president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and dedicated many years to inspiring more public interest in cutting-edge science and technology.

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Anne McLaren carried out groundbreaking research which paved the way for IVF

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– April 26, 2021
Anne McLaren Why the groundbreaking British scientist39;s 94th