Tony Sewell Tony Sewell 'institutional applied racism' been report: Phrase Race wrongly has …
Wed, 31 Mar 2021 12:00:00 +0100
Dr Tony Sewell said that the term 'institutional racism' should be 'applied properly' in the future
The phrase “institutional racism” has been “wrongly applied” in recent years, the man behind a landmark report into the issue has said.
Dr Tony Sewell, the chairman of the Race and Ethnic Disparities Commission chairman, told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme that the report had not found evidence of institutional racism in the UK.
The report, which is set to be published later on Wednesday, found that there was more diversity in elite professions and success stories within education in recent years – but also said inequality remains.
Dr Sewell said that although there was “anecdotal evidence” of racism in the UK, the use of the term “institutional racism” needed to be reviewed.
“No-one denies that racism exists, we’ve found anecdotal evidence of this,” he said on Monday.
“However, what we did find is that the actual evidence of institutional racism – no, that wasn’t there, we didn’t find that in our report.
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“What we have seen is that the term institutional racism is sometimes wrongly applied.
And it’s been a sort of catchphrase for microaggressions or acts of racial abuse.
Also people use it interchangably, I’ve heard it on your own radio show – it just being used wrongly.”
Dr Sewell maintained that he actually wanted to “protect” the term.
He said: “We want to say ‘where there is robust evidence of it, then apply it’.”
“It creates a problem because then people declare themselves as institutionally racist.
So for example we’ve heard recently of the education system totally declaring itself institutionally racist – when if you look at the evidence behind that, it’s not the case.
“In fact, we have found the complete opposite in terms of educational outcomes for ethnic minorities where in fact the vast majority of ethnic minorities are actually doing better than the white majority.
So you can’t just go ahead and willy nilly declare yourself institutionally racist like that.”
Dr Sewell said that the term “institutional racism” should be “applied properly” in future but said that there was work still to be done on improving outcomes for ethnic minorities.
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He added: “We wanted institutional racism to be used where it properly needs to be used, applied properly, but, look, we have got some very focused recommendations on changing the whole landscape for ethnic minorities and I think that’s the key thing.
“It’s the strategy that we’ve got to do that on a number of levels, building trust, promoting fairness, creating agency and achieving inclusivity – those are the key areas that we think we can move this on.”
The report found that the pay gap between all ethnic minorities and the white majority population has shrunk to 2.3 per cent, and is not significant for employees under 30.
It also suggested that education is “the single most emphatic success story of the British ethnic minority experience”.
Responding to the report on Wednesday, shadow foreign secretary Lisa Nandy said action was still needed.
She told Sky News: “It’s right to recognise that progress has been made and it’s right to celebrate it, but that shouldn’t in any sense mean we don’t see the very real problems in front of us and start to act on them.
“The Government has report after report after report… what we really need now is some action to implement them.”
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Tony Sewell Tony Sewell
Wed, 31 Mar 2021 12:00:00 +0100
But one racial equality organisation says it feels "deeply, massively let down" and the government has lost trust
The UK "no longer" has a system rigged against people from ethnic minorities, a review set up by No 10 says.
The Commission on Race and Ethnic Disparities said family structure and social class had a bigger impact than race on how people's lives turned out.
It said children from minority ethnic communities did as well or better than white pupils, but overt racism remained, particularly online.
The Runnymede Trust think tank said it felt "let down" by the report.
The commission was set up after Black Lives Matter anti-racism protests across the country last summer – triggered by the killing of George Floyd in the US.
The main findings were:
The commission's report concluded that the UK is not yet a "post-racial country" – but its success in removing race-based disparity in education and, to a lesser extent, the economy, "should be regarded as a model for other white-majority countries".
A foreword to the report by chairman Tony Sewell, an education consultant and ex-charity boss, said: "We no longer see a Britain where the system is deliberately rigged against ethnic minorities."
While the "impediments and disparities do exist", it continued, they were "varied and ironically very few of them are directly to do with racism".
The report added that evidence had found that factors such as geography, family influence, socio-economic background, culture and religion had "more significant impact on life chances than the existence of racism".
"That said, we take the reality of racism seriously and we do not deny that it is a real force in the UK."
The report also said there is an "increasingly strident form of anti-racism thinking that seeks to explain all minority disadvantage through the prism of white discrimination" which it said diverted attention from "the other reasons for minority success and failure".
In a statement issued after the report was published, Prime Minister Boris Johnson said it was "right" that ministers now consider its recommendations in detail and assess "the implications for future government policy".
He added: "The entirety of government remains fully committed to building a fairer Britain and taking the action needed to address disparities wherever they exist."
Speaking on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, Dr Sewell said while there was anecdotal evidence of racism, there was no proof that there was "institutional racism" in Britain.
"No-one denies and no-one is saying racism doesn't exist", he said.
"We found anecdotal evidence of this.
However, evidence of actual institutional racism? No, that wasn't there, we didn't find that."
Dr Sewell added that the term "institutional racism" is "sometimes wrongly applied" as a "sort of a catch-all phrase for micro-aggressions or acts of racial abuse".
Prof Kehinde Andrews, a professor of Black Studies at Birmingham City University, said the report was not a "genuine effort to understand racism in Britain".
Prof Andrews said: "It's complete nonsense.
It goes in the face of all the actual existing evidence.
This is not a genuine effort to understand racism in Britain.
This is a PR move to pretend the problem doesn't exist."
Baroness Kishwer Falkner, chair of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, said: "This report rightly identifies the varied causes of disparities and by making recommendations to address them gives the government the opportunity to design policy targeting the sources of inequality.
"There are a number of recommendations we can play a leading role in and we welcome the recognition that additional funding would help us carry out our important work to tackle discrimination and disadvantage."
Dr Halima Begum, chief executive of the Runnymede Trust, a race equality think tank, said she felt "deeply, massively let down" by the report, and that the government did not have the confidence of black and minority ethnic communities.
Asked for her view on the commission's suggestion that the UK is not institutionally racist, she said: "Tell that to the black young mother who is four times more likely to die in childbirth than her young white neighbour, tell that to the 60% of NHS doctors and nurses who died from Covid and were black and ethnic minority workers.
"You can't tell them that, because they are dead.
"Institutionally, we are still racist, and for a government-appointed commission to look into (institutional) racism, to deny its existence is deeply, deeply worrying."
She added: "We feel that if the best this government can do is come up with a style guide on BAME terminology, or what we should do about unconscious bias training, or extend a few school hours, then I'm afraid this government doesn't carry the confidence of black and ethnic minority communities any longer, certainly not on race."
Dr Begum also claimed the report had failed to acknowledge the "suffering" of black and ethnic minority communities, adding: "All this is is a whitewash and a script that has been written to 10 Downing Street."
She also questioned the suitability of Dr Sewell and head of the Number 10 policy unit Munira Mirza, who had a role in setting the commission up – both of whom have questioned the existence of institutional racism previously.
The 264-page report makes 24 recommendations which include:
Frances O'Grady, general secretary of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) said the commission had "chosen to deny the experiences of black and minority ethnic workers" who were "far more likely" than white workers to be in "low-paid, insecure jobs".
She added they have been "far more likely to be exposed to Covid infection and far more likely to die – because they are far more likely to be in frontline roles.
"This is institutional racism.
And it traps too many black and minority ethnic workers in poverty, insecurity and low pay."
Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said he felt "disappointed" with what he had seen of the report's findings so far, insisting there were "structural" issues that needed to be addressed.
Speaking on a visit to Leeds, he told reporters that whilst there was "an acknowledgement of the problems, the issues, the challenges that face many black and minority ethnic communities" there was also "a reluctance to accept that that's structural".
The report had been due to be published last year but was pushed back until 2021, with the commission blaming Covid restrictions and the large number of responses from the public for the delay.
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– March 31, 2021
Tony Sewell 2021 Race report. Phrase 39;institutional racism39; has been wrongly applied .